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时间:2020-08-07 00:58:59
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日期:2020-08-07 00:58:59

1.   On the belief that this is a law of nature, we can, I think, understand several large classes of facts, such as the following, which on any other view are inexplicable. Every hybridizer knows how unfavourable exposure to wet is to the fertilisation of a flower, yet what a multitude of flowers have their anthers and stigmas fully exposed to the weather! but if an occasional cross be indispensable, the fullest freedom for the entrance of pollen from another individual will explain this state of exposure, more especially as the plant's own anthers and pistil generally stand so close together that self-fertilisation seems almost inevitable. Many flowers, on the other hand, have their organs of fructification closely enclosed, as in the great papilionaceous or pea-family; but in several, perhaps in all, such flowers, there is a very curious adaptation between the structure of the flower and the manner in which bees suck the nectar; for, in doing this, they either push the flower's own pollen on the stigma, or bring pollen from another flower. So necessary are the visits of bees to papilionaceous flowers, that I have found, by experiments published elsewhere, that their fertility is greatly diminished if these visits be prevented. Now, it is scarcely possible that bees should fly from flower to flower, and not carry pollen from one to the other, to the great good, as I believe, of the plant. Bees will act like a camel-hair pencil, and it is quite sufficient just to touch the anthers of one flower and then the stigma of another with the same brush to ensure fertilisation; but it must not be supposed that bees would thus produce a multitude of hybrids between distinct species; for if you bring on the same brush a plant's own pollen and pollen from another species, the former will have such a prepotent effect, that it will invariably and completely destroy, as has been shown by G?rtner, any influence from the foreign pollen.When the stamens of a flower suddenly spring towards the pistil, or slowly move one after the other towards it, the contrivance seems adapted solely to ensure self-fertilisation; and no doubt it is useful for this end: but, the agency of insects is often required to cause the stamens to spring forward, as K?lreuter has shown to be the case with the barberry; and curiously in this very genus, which seems to have a special contrivance for self-fertilisation, it is well known that if very closely-allied forms or varieties are planted near each other, it is hardly possible to raise pure seedlings, so largely do they naturally cross. In many other cases, far from there being any aids for self-fertilisation, there are special contrivances, as I could show from the writings of C. C. Sprengel and from my own observations, which effectually prevent the stigma receiving pollen from its own flower: for instance, in Lobelia fulgens, there is a really beautiful and elaborate contrivance by which every one of the infinitely numerous pollen-granules are swept out of the conjoined anthers of each flower, before the stigma of that individual flower is ready to receive them; and as this flower is never visited, at least in my garden, by insects, it never sets a seed, though by placing pollen from one flower on the stigma of another, I raised plenty of seedlings; and whilst another species of Lobelia growing close by, which is visited by bees, seeds freely. In very many other cases, though there be no special mechanical contrivance to prevent the stigma of a flower receiving its own pollen, yet, as C. C. Sprengel has shown, and as I can confirm, either the anthers burst before the stigma is ready for fertilisation, or the stigma is ready before the pollen of that flower is ready, so that these plants have in fact separated sexes, and must habitually be crossed. How strange are these facts! How strange that the pollen and stigmatic surface of the same flower, though placed so close together, as if for the very purpose of self-fertilisation, should in so many cases be mutually useless to each other! How simply are these facts explained on the view of an occasional cross with a distinct individual being advantageous or indispensable!If several varieties of the cabbage, radish, onion, and of some other plants, be allowed to seed near each other, a large majority, as I have found, of the seedlings thus raised will turn out mongrels: for instance, I raised 233 seedling cabbages from some plants of different varieties growing near each other, and of these only 78 were true to their kind, and some even of these were not perfectly true. Yet the pistil of each cabbage-flower is surrounded not only by its own six stamens, but by those of the many other flowers on the same plant. How, then, comes it that such a vast number of the seedlings are mongrelised? I suspect that it must arise from the pollen of a distinct variety having a prepotent effect over a flower's own pollen; and that this is part of the general law of good being derived from the intercrossing of distinct individuals of the same species. When distinct species are crossed the case is directly the reverse, for a plant's own pollen is always prepotent over foreign pollen; but to this subject we shall return in a future chapter.
2. 但是要永远记住,使用价值是基础,无法保证品质的产品,不可能建立起更高价值层次的万丈大楼。
3.   "Yes."
4. 可这两年来,不只是很多银行发力,有些职能部门也上阵助势。
5. The vans of furniture came and were unloaded and gave place to others all the day. Several times it so happened that Sara had an opportunity of seeing things carried in. It became plain that she had been right in guessing that the newcomers were people of large means. All the furniture was rich and beautiful, and a great deal of it was Oriental. Wonderful rugs and draperies and ornaments were taken from the vans, many pictures, and books enough for a library. Among other things there was a superb god Buddha in a splendid shrine.
6.   Cresside, all quit from ev'ry dread and teen,* *pain As she that juste cause had him to trust, Made him such feast,<59> it joy was for to see'n, When she his truth and *intent cleane wist;* *knew the purity And as about a tree, with many a twist, of his purpose* *Bitrent and writhen* is the sweet woodbind, *plaited and wreathed* Gan each of them in armes other wind.* *embrace, encircle


1.   My uncle went first, and I followed him. When we reached the bottom of the stairs we stepped into a sort of ante-room, filled with such a dense smoke that it was hardly possible to see anything. However, we passed through the smoke into a large chamber, which at first seemed quite empty. The room was brilliantly lighted, and in another moment we perceived a sort of platform at one end, on which were the bodies of the prince and a lady, both half-burned, as if they had been dragged out of a fire before it had quite consumed them.
2. 付鞠告诉燃财经,有传言称他们支付的学费中,每10000元里有8500元交给了教育机构,1500元则返给了金融机构。
3. 假如他们在接受审问之前有机会见面好好谈清楚,那该有多好,他们一定会同意拒不认罪。不过,接下来他们很快就会意识到,无论如何,那样一个协定也不见得管用。一旦他们被分开,审问开始,每个人内心深处那种企图通过出卖别人而换取一个更好判决的想法就会变得非常强烈。这么一来,他们还是逃脱不了最终在古拉格相遇的命运,大概还会在那里好好算一账,看看谁欠谁更多。这两个人究竟有没有可能取得足够的相互信任,从而达成双方都希望看到的结果呢?
4. Yes — just. Democrats will regain control of the House of Representatives in the November midterm elections. Though they will not take charge until January 2019, they will waste no time preparing the House Judiciary paperwork. Mr Trump will label it a “witch hunt”. But another year of his surreal presidency makes it all but inevitable Democrats will campaign on a pledge to hold him to account. Whatever Robert Mueller’s investigation unearths before then is unlikely to turn enough Republicans against him.
5. 消费者的感觉变好。由于就业市场、楼市和股市状况的改善,消费者信心达到四年来的最高水平。美国陷入衰退后,美国人缩减债务,避免借钱并推迟购买。这意味着消费者需求增强的条件可能已经具备,进而可能促使停止招聘的企业开始扩员。信安环球投资有限公司的鲍尔说,企业可能尽可能地提高生产力增长,他表示雇主将需要增员来满足更强劲的需求。qh]
6. 不可否认,在拆除和封堵村民炉灶的同时,当地在民生保障上颇有些作为。


1. 那么漂浮在空气中的病毒气溶胶造成传播的可能性有多大呢?据界面新闻消息:四川大学社会科学院教授李后强撰文表示,由于气溶胶颗粒比较大,一般大于10微米,50微米以上的最多,因此一般医用口罩(或者防范雾霾的口罩)可以阻拦这种粒子。
2. 尽管基拉宁极力呼吁理性对待奥运会,但他和国际奥委会还是面临着众多的非议,他们所制定的协议受到了侵犯,而这种侵犯是以吉米o卡特政府的旗手万斯发表演讲的形式出现的。对外毫不掩饰自己政治目的的卡特徒劳地希望在大选中依靠前苏联最近对阿富汗的入侵捞取政治资本。
3. 之后,安少社、时代传媒公司未经信合公司许可,在杨某授权下继续出版涉案作品且数量巨大,杨某、安少社及时代传媒公司共同侵害了信合公司对涉案作品享有的复制权、发行权。
4.   These propositions will be most readily understood by looking to our domestic races. The most distinct breeds of pigeons, in countries most widely apart, present sub-varieties with reversed feathers on the head and feathers on the feet, characters not possessed by the aboriginal rock-pigeon; these then are analogous variations in two or more distinct races. The frequent presence of fourteen or even sixteen tail-feathers in the pouter, may be considered as a variation representing the normal structure of another race, the fantail. I presume that no one will doubt that all such analogous variations are due to the several races of the pigeon having inherited from a common parent the same constitution and tendency to variation, when acted on by similar unknown influences. In the vegetable kingdom we have a case of analogous variation, in the enlarged stems, or roots as commonly called, of the Swedish turnip and Ruta baga, plants which several botanists rank as varieties produced by cultivation from a common parent: if this be not so, the case will then be one of analogous variation in two so-called distinct species; and to these a third may be added, namely, the common turnip. According to the ordinary view of each species having been independently created, we should have to attribute this similarity in the enlarged stems of these three plants, not to the vera causa of community of descent, and a consequent tendency to vary in a like manner, but to three separate yet closely related acts of creation.With pigeons, however, we have another case, namely, the occasional appearance in all the breeds, of slaty-blue birds with two black bars on the wings, a white rump, a bar at the end of the tail, with the outer feathers externally edged near their bases with white. As all these marks are characteristic of the parent rock-pigeon, I presume that no one will doubt that this is a case of reversion, and not of a new yet analogous variation appearing in the several breeds. We may I think confidently come to this conclusion, because, as we have seen, these coloured marks are eminently liable to appear in the crossed offspring of two distinct and differently coloured breeds; and in this case there is nothing in the external conditions of life to cause the reappearance of the slaty-blue, with the several marks, beyond the influence of the mere act of crossing on the laws of inheritance.
5.   4. Bruges was in Chaucer's time the great emporium of European commerce.
6.   "Go along this corridor, down a little staircase, and you are in it.""Excellent; thank you!"


1.   And when the knight saw verily all this, That she so fair was, and so young thereto, For joy he hent* her in his armes two: *took His hearte bathed in a bath of bliss, A thousand times *on row* he gan her kiss: *in succession* And she obeyed him in every thing That mighte do him pleasance or liking. And thus they live unto their lives' end In perfect joy; and Jesus Christ us send Husbandes meek and young, and fresh in bed, And grace to overlive them that we wed. And eke I pray Jesus to short their lives, That will not be governed by their wives. And old and angry niggards of dispence,* *expense God send them soon a very pestilence!
2. 有时我们也必须对上述直线加以调整。举例来说,在上升趋势中,有的市场调整先跌破那条支撑线,然后却又后折回来,恢复原先的上升势头,在这种情况下,就必须从这个新的反弹低点出发,作一条新的45°支撑线。有时候上升趋势非常迅猛,起先的上升趋势线就距离后来的价格变化已过远,在这种情况下,为了找出“最适”支撑线,也应该从更近的低点出发,重新画趋势线。
3. 当前网站建设行业有套模板,拷贝源代码,开源内容管理系统,原生态定制设计开发各种类型并存,下面主要讲的是一个定制设计开发网站流程。
4. 明确地说,古典文明同上古文明一样,都是建立在阶级分化的基础上。归根到底,它们都依赖于农民群众的劳动,正是农民群众的劳动,提供了维持统治者生存的剩余产品。
5. 这些设计不仅给整个产品赋予了灵魂,同时也让用户有了非常清晰的体验,让用户快速了解产品的工作状态。
6.   "What the devil!" said the host to himself. "Can he be afraid ofthis boy?" But an imperious glance from the stranger stopped himshort; he bowed humbly and retired.


1. 相比消毒这些物品,自己勤洗手更重要。
2.   'Peggotty.'
3. 不管是事先沟通,还是事中拦截订单,对于商家来说,其实都是增加负担的,一开始去和商家谈,也有一些人不能理解不愿意配合,但慢慢地大家就有了共识。

网友评论(86228 / 69567 )

  • 1:王有军 2020-07-21 00:58:59


  • 2:孙中山 2020-07-30 00:58:59

    The quality of consumer goods imported through channels other than e-commerce proved to be higher, with only 29 percent falling short of standards, according to figures released by the administration.

  • 3:华金生 2020-07-30 00:58:59

      "What would you have, Sindbad?" he replied. "It is the law for everybody. I myself should be buried with the Queen if she were the first to die."

  • 4:方力申 2020-07-30 00:58:59


  • 5:潘毅 2020-07-22 00:58:59

      Remembering Mrs. Vance's promise to call, Carrie made one othermild protest. It was concerning Hurstwood's appearance. Thisvery day, coming home, he changed his clothes to the old togs hesat around in.

  • 6:何纲 2020-08-01 00:58:59


  • 7:孔子 2020-07-19 00:58:59


  • 8:羊永权 2020-07-29 00:58:59


  • 9:黎星 2020-08-01 00:58:59

      "That order does not concern me," replied Milady, coldly, "sinceit bears another name than mine."

  • 10:沙罗 2020-07-18 00:58:59

    Then she set it up once more, put the fat nut on top, and returned to the others; and there those aggravating girls sat and took turns throwing little stones at that thing, while one stayed by as a setter-up; and they just popped that nut off, two times out of three, without upsetting the sticks. Pleased as Punch they were, too, and we pretended to be, but weren't.